With its distinctive Moorish architecture including verandahs and spacious courtyards, this three-storey building – formerly known as the Mansion of Sun – commemorates the brief but highly significant sojourn in Macau of Dr Sun Yat-Sen, “the father of modern China” and the first Chinese person to practise Western medicine in Macau, prior to his subsequent journey around the world. The house was built by Dr Sun’s son, and his first wife Lu Muzhen lived there until she died in 1952, though Sun himself never lived in the house.
In the late 19th century Dr Sun had made regular trips to the territory while studying at the Hong Kong College of Medicine, and in 1912 made a return visit to Macau for the first time in 17 years, where he was well received. Fleeing China’s imperial mandarins, he tried to muster up support for the establishment of a new regime and received the backing of many prominent figures in politics and society.
The house, originally built in 1912, was reconstructed in 1933, and boasts a number of features typical of its era including wide stairways, lacquered floors and period furnishings. Inside, visitors can peruse the revolutionary’s letters, photographs, books and personal effects, as well as newspaper accounts reporting on his activities.
Dr Sun was the driving force behind the Chinese republican revolution, which overthrew the fading Qing dynasty later in 1912. A unique figurehead who remains popular in both Mainland China and Taiwan, he became the first president of the Republic of China before passing away in 1925.
Address: 1 Rua Silva Mendes, Macau (opposite the police station)
Phone: +853 2857 4064 / +853 2830 6282
Bus routes nearby: 2, 2A, 5, 9, 9A, 12, 16, 22, 25, 25X, 28C, N2